Cumberland County, ME

County

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2022 Population
303,357
0.858% 1-year growth
US Senator
Susan Collins
Republican Party
US Senator
Angus King
Independent Party
2022 Median Age
42.1
0.477% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
7.21%
7.91% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$87,710
8.71% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$372,900
18.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
167,364
0.169% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Cumberland County, ME had a population of 303k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $87,710. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cumberland County, ME grew from 300,776 to 303,357, a 0.858% increase and its median household income grew from $80,679 to $87,710, a 8.71% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, ME are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.97%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.1%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.16%), and White (Hispanic) (1.05%).

None of the households in Cumberland County, ME reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in Cumberland County, ME are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, ME are University of Southern Maine (1,918 degrees awarded in 2022), Southern Maine Community College (804 degrees), and Bowdoin College (631 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Cumberland County, ME was $372,900, and the homeownership rate was 69.9%.

Most people in Cumberland County, ME drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, ME was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Presumpscot River

Population & Diversity

Cumberland County, ME is home to a population of 303k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.33% of Cumberland County, ME residents were born outside of the country (19.2k people).

In 2022, there were 22.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (267k people) in Cumberland County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 9.42k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97%
2022 Citizenship
97.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97% of Cumberland County, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, ME was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, ME
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    267k ± 1.12k
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    12k ± 1.25k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    9.42k ± 585
2.27%
Hispanic Population
6.9k people

In 2022, there were 22.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (267k people) in Cumberland County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 9.42k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.27% of the people in Cumberland County, ME are hispanic (6.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland County, ME as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.
Most Common Origin
  1. Canada
    9,723 ± 2,412 people
  2. China
    2,585 ± 1,247 people
  3. Germany
    2,409 ± 1,204 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 9,723 Maine residents, followed by China with 2,585 and Germany with 2,409.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.33%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
19.2k people
6.07%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
18.3k people

As of 2022, 6.33% of Cumberland County, ME residents (19.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, ME was 6.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,341 ± 556
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,220 ± 467
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,381 ± 373

Cumberland County, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, ME employs 167k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,757 people), Retail Trade (19,187 people), and Educational Services (17,214 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($86,728), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,315), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($74,766).

Males in Maine have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,509. The income inequality in Maine (measured using the Gini index) is 0.437, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

167k
2022 Value
± 3,253
0.169%
1 Year growth
± 2.77%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland County, ME grew at a rate of 0.169%, from 167k employees to 167k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, ME, are Management Occupations (22,185 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,834 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,316 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, ME.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maine (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

167k
2022 Value
± 3,253
0.169%
1 Year growth
± 2.77%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland County, ME grew at a rate of 0.169%, from 167k employees to 167k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,757 people), Retail Trade (19,187 people), and Educational Services (17,214 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, ME, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$56,428
Median earning men ± $1,527
$44,891
Median earning women ± $1,008

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($79,752), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($74,787), and Public Administration ($71,432).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($63,179), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,964), and Public Administration ($59,860).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Y-Axis
1.54%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 627k people employed in Maine. This represents a 1.54% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maine.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 4,467
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,976
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 2,631
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Cumberland County, ME went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (30.4%), followed by Other (2.36%).

Susan Collins and Angus King are the senators currently representing the state of Maine. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maine is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maine

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Susan Collins
Senator from Maine2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Angus King
Senator from Maine1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Angus King of Maine and Bernie Sanders of Vermont join meetings of the Senate Democratic Caucus.

Susan Collins and Angus King are the senators currently representing Maine.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maine over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maine

Maine is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maine have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cumberland County, ME awarded 4,800 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, ME in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 8,254 male students and 14,348 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, ME are White (3,688 and 78.5%), followed by Black or African American (237 and 5.05%), Hispanic or Latino (223 and 4.75%), and Unknown (221 and 4.71%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Southern Maine (1,918 and 40%), Southern Maine Community College (804 and 16.8%), and Bowdoin College (631 and 13.1%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, ME are Registered Nursing (291 and 6.06%), General Business Administration & Management (204 and 4.25%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (166 and 3.46%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, ME are $40,343 for private four year colleges, and $8,064 and $22,680 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Cumberland County, ME, the percentage of applicants admitted was 56.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 22,602 (36.5% men and 63.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 22,602 students enrolled in Cumberland County, ME, 36.5% men and 63.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 16,838 records, of which 64.1% were women and 35.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 96 degrees awarded
  2. 214 degrees awarded
  3. 123 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cumberland County, ME was General Biological Sciences with 96 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cumberland County, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,918 degrees awarded
  2. 804 degrees awarded
  3. 631 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Southern Maine with 1,918 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,765 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, ME, which is 0.582 times less than the 3,035 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,688 degrees mean that there were 15.6 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 237 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($40,343) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,036) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Measure

In 2022, 0.538% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.438% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (355k), Some college (229k), and Bachelors Degree (225k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, ME was $372,900 in 2022, which is 1.32 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $314,700 to $372,900, a 18.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, ME is 69.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cumberland County, ME have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cumberland County, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Cumberland County, ME is $87,710. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Cumberland County, ME was Census Tract 37.01 with a value of $153,269, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 37.02, with respective values of $139,158 and $134,190.

In 2022, 14.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Cumberland County, ME. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.96%.

Property

$372,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,290
$89,627
Median Property Taxes
±$2,197

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cumberland County, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%
Homeownership
2022
61.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69.9% of the housing units in Cumberland County, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cumberland County, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 37.01
  2. Census Tract 25.01
  3. Census Tract 37.02

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, ME was Census Tract 37.01 with a value of $153,269, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 37.02, with respective values of $139,158 and $134,190.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$87,710
Median Household Income
± $2,034
128k
Number of Households
± 2,744

In 2022, the median household income of the 128k households in Cumberland County, ME grew to $87,710 from the previous year's value of $80,679.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, ME is from Maine.
0.437
2022 Wage GINI in Maine
0.436
2021 Wage GINI in Maine

In 2022, the income inequality in Maine was 0.437 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.204% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (67.5%)
  2. Worked At Home (16.7%)
  3. Carpooled (7.78%)

In 2022, 67.5% of workers in Cumberland County, ME drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (16.7%) and those who carpooled to work (7.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, ME have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.92% of the workforce in Cumberland County, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, ME have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 14.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Cumberland County, ME. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.96%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

7.21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, ME (21.3k out of 295k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 75+ and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, ME is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 8.8% of the children was living in poverty in Cumberland County, ME. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 5.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 128 in Cumberland County, ME. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 27.1 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

95% of the population of Cumberland County, ME has health coverage, with 55.3% on employee plans, 9.46% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 14.7% on non-group plans, and 1.5% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see 595 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.335% decrease from the previous year (597 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 959 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 132 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

595 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cumberland County, ME

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see an average of 595 patients per year. This represents a 0.335% decrease from the previous year (597 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, ME in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.8% under 18 years, 20.8% between 18 and 34 years, 40.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 19% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.04%
Uninsured
55.3%
Employer Coverage
9.46%
Medicaid
14%
Medicare
14.7%
Non-Group
1.5%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, ME declined by 8.09% from 5.48% to 5.04%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 32.5 in Cumberland County, ME.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, ME.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 25.3% in Cumberland County, ME.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, ME.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.8% in Cumberland County, ME.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, ME.

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